Validating Fatima Bint Qais’s Narration of 3 Divorces are 3 in 1 Sitting

3 Divorces in 1 sitting are considered 3 and Divorce will take place – Validating the narration of Fatima Bin Qais r.a

It’s one of the biggest issues we have, actually it’s not a Issue rather some people like to make it an issue. All 4 imams agree on 3 talaq in one sitting are considered 3 and NOT 1. it’s is this simple now let me tell how something that you will come to know your self if you study and read books a lot.

Salafis and self-claimed ahle hadees/wahhabis are animals when it comes to marriage. because in Arabia, because of oil, they have a lot of money so they divorce and marriage a lot, in short they are worst of people. these Najdis, i mean ahle hadees, salafis or wahhabis they all are products of British agent Mr.Hempher.

Ahle Hadees + Salafis + Wahhabis = same.(Kharjis)

Here’s something you should know: (Validation will begin after this little info)

First of all, it should be known that there are three types of divorce: (1) Ahsan (most preferred), (2) Sunnah (preferred) and (3) Bid’a (sinful & unlawful innovation).

The Ahsan (most preferred) divorce is to make one pronouncement of divorce to the wife, in an interval between menstruations (Tuhr), in which no sexual intercourse with the wife has taken place. After which she is left until her waiting period (Iddah) is over.

The Sunnah (preferred) divorce is to pronounce three divorces in three separate intervals of Tuhr, in which no sexual intercourse with the wife has taken place.

The Bid’a (sinful and unlawful innovation) divorce consists of either making a pronouncement of divorce during the woman’s menstruation period (Haid) or to pronounce two or three divorces at once or to issue a divorce in a Tuhr (purity) in which sexual intercourse with the wife took place.

The reason for this prohibition is that, if divorce is pronounced in the period of purity (tuhr) in which sexual intercourse took place, there is a possibility that the woman may have conceived. This will prolong the waiting period for the woman, (which is until she gives birth), thus placing hardship and difficulty upon the woman, which is disliked by Shariah. Also the husband may regret giving the divorce after seeing his wife conceive.

The great Hanafi Jurist Sultan al-Ulama, Imam al-Kasani states in his famous work in fiqh, Bada’i al-Sana’i:

“There is a possibility that the woman conceives due to that intercourse and at the confirmation of pregnancy, the man will be regretful.” (Kasani, Bada’i` al-Sana’i`, 3.89)

Divorcing the wife in her menstruation (Haid) will also prolong her Iddah, as she will have to begin from the next Haid. This is also unnecessary hardship which can be avoided. Also another reason for the prohibition of pronouncing divorce in Haid is that, generally the man is less inclined towards his wife when she is in her menstrual periods. Therefore, one may hasten towards pronouncing divorce in this period without thinking properly of the consequences. This is not the case when the wife is in purity.

BUT it doesnt mean Talaq wont take place. ISLAM is perfect but we arent. Of course someone will be sinful if he gives 3 talaq in one sitting BUT talaq will take place and will be affected. ( I have copied it to save time)

Lets Move on to Validation:

Narrations no.1 directly coming from a Makhtoota:

أخبرنا حاجب بن أركين، قثنا محمد بن خالد، قثنا أبي، قثنا سلمة، قثنا الحسن بن صالح، عن مغيرة، قال: سمعت الشعبي , يقول: حدثتنا فاطمة بنت قيس , «أن زوجها طلقها ثلاثا فلم يجعل لها رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم سكنى ولا نفقة» ، طلقها ثلاثا جميعا

(Hadees e Abil Hussain Ibn ul Muzaffar AN Haajib : Makhtoota : Safa 251 [حديث أبي الحسين بن المظفر عن الحاجب مخطوطہ : ص 251])

Rough translations:

Imam Sha’abi r.a states that Fatima bint Qais r.a narrated to him that: Her husband gave her three divorces so Prophet muhammad sallallaho aleh wasallam didnt give any Sukoonat(ease) or Nafqa.

Notice the word Talaqaha Thalatha Jamee’a? and also, prophet not giving any ease? it means its done now, no going back.

Narrators:

1. Imam Muhammed Ibn ul Muzaffer r.a Al Mutawaffa 379 Hijri.

He is: Thiqa, Mutqin Hafiz ul Hadith . (Taarekh ul Islaam : vol8 : page472)

2. Abul Abbas Haajib bin Maalik bin Arkeen r.a. Al Mutawaffa 306 Hij.

He is: Thiqa, Hafiz ul Hadith & intelligent Muhaddith . (Irshaad ul Qaasi wad Daani : page246)

3. Muhammed bin Khaalid Abul Hussain al Hamasi r.a

He is: narrator of  Sunan Nasaai & SADOOQ. (Taqreeb : Raqm 5844)

4. His(above narrator) Father Waalid Khalid bin Khali Abul Qaasim al Hamasi r.a

He is: narrator of Saheeh Bukhari & Sunan Nasaai & he is  SADOOQ (Taqreeb : no.1624)

5. Salma bin Abdul Malik al Hamasi r.a

He is: narrator of Sunan Nasaai &  SADOOQ. (Al Kaashif : no.2039)

6. Imam Hasan bin Saaleh bin Huyii r.a Al Mutawaffa 169 Hijri.

He is: narrator of SAHIH Muslim & he is Thiqa, FAQIH . (Taqreeb : no.1250)

7. Mughera bin Miqsam r.a Al Mutawaffa 136 Hijri.

He is: narrator of SAHIHAIN & THIQA, Mutqin (Taqreeb : no.6851)

8. Imam Aamir bin Sharaajeel Ash-Sha’abii r.a Al Mutawaffa 110 Hijri.

He is: narrator of SAHIHAIN Thiqa, Faqi & famous FAADIL. (Taqreeb : no.3092)

9. Fatima bint Qais R.a

Famous Companion(Taqreeb)

It’s AT LEAST Hassan if not SAHIH but there are two corroborating/Muta’abe narrations as well:

Narration – Muta’abe 1.

Imam Tabarani r.a in his Famous Al Mojam ul Kabeer :vol24 page 383

حدثنا محمد بن الليث الجوهري، والقاسم بن عباد الخطابي، قالا: ثنا محمد بن سليمان لوين، ثنا محمد بن جابر، عن حبيب بن أبي ثابت، عن عامر الشعبي، قال: سألت فاطمة بنت قيس كيف كان أمرها؟ قالت: طلقني زوجي ثلاثا جميعا، فأتيت رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم فقلت: زعم أحمائي أنه ليس لي سكنى ولا نفقة، قال: «صدقوا، اذهبي فاعتدي في بيت ابن أم مكتوم» وكان أعمى قالت: فخطبها أبو الجهم بن حذيفة، ومن بعده معاوية بعد انقضاء العدة، فاستشارت رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم فقال: «أما أبو جهم فضروب للنساء، وأما معاوية فمملق – يعني مفلس – لا يملك شيئا، ولكن أين أنت عن أسامة؟» قلت: أنكح أسامة؟ قال: نعم انكحي أسامة

Narrators:

  1. Imam Tabarani r.a : Thiqa thiqa thiqa thiqa
  2. Muhammed Ibn ul Lais al Jawhari d.299 – Thiqa check Tarikh al islam vol6
  3. Imam Muhammed bin Sulaimaan Luwain d.246 – Thiqa, narrator of abu dawood nasai – taqreeb no.5925
  4. Muhammed bin Jaabir al Yaamaami – this needs a bit of explanation: he was a SUDOOQ narrator but at later age his memory became weak, he lost his books but before that he was SUDOOQ. I have already written a lengthy post on this narrator which you can check by clicking on the narrator’s name. + Imam Luwain had heard from him before he lost his books. Taqreeb : no.5777
  5. Habeeb bin Abi Saabit r.a d.119 narrator of two sahihs thiqa faqih Taqreeb : no.1084 – In HIS muta’be, we have Majalid and Mugheera so to say there’s Tadlees here, this claim is void and is discarded.
  6.  Imam Sha’abi – thiqa
  7. Fatima bint Qais r.a – Companion

Turns out even this narration is At LEAST of Hassan-grade.

Narration Muta’abe 3.

Imam Ahmad ibn Hanbal r.a in Musnad : vol45 : page335, no 27348 narrates:

حدثنا يحيى بن سعيد، قال: حدثنا مجالد، قال: حدثنا عامر، قال: قدمت المدينة فأتيت فاطمة بنت قيس فحدثتني، أن زوجها طلقها على عهد رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم، فبعثه رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم في سرية، قالت: فقال لي أخوه: اخرجي من الدار، فقلت: إن لي نفقة وسكنى حتى يحل الأجل، قال: لا، قالت: فأتيت رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم فقلت: إن فلانا طلقني، وإن أخاه أخرجني ومنعني السكنى والنفقة، فأرسل إليه فقال: «ما لك ولابنة آل قيس؟» ، قال: يا رسول الله، إن أخي طلقها ثلاثا جميعا، قالت: فقال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم: «انظري يا بنت آل قيس إنما النفقة والسكنى للمرأة على زوجها ما كانت له عليها رجعة، فإذا لم يكن له عليها رجعة فلا نفقة ولا سكنى، اخرجي فانزلي على فلانة» ، ثم قال: «إنه يتحدث إليها، انزلي على ابن أم مكتوم فإنه أعمى لا يراك، ثم لا تنكحي حتى أكون أنا أنكحك» ، قالت فخطبني رجل من قريش فأتيت رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم أستأمره، فقال: «ألا تنكحين من هو أحب إلي منه؟» ، فقلت: بلى يا رسول الله، فأنكحني من أحببت، قالت: فأنكحني أسامة بن زيد

  1. Imam Ahmad – THIQA THIQA THIQA THIQA
  2. Imam yahya – THIQA THIQA THIQA
  3. Majaalid bin Saeed al Hamazaani – he was sudooq but his narrations were not preserved but because of having a THIQA in his Muta’abe the claim of him being a weak narrator is discarded and void. Tehzeeb ut Tehzeeb : vol10 : page41
  4. Imam Sha’abi – thiqa thiqa thiqa
  5. Fatima bint qais r.a – famous companion
  6. CHAIN IS HASSAN

Hadith no.2

Imam Abul Hasan ad-Darqutni r.a d385 narrates in his Sunan : vol5 Hadees no 3917

نا أبو عبيد القاسم بن إسماعيل , نا محمد بن عبد الملك بن زنجويه , نا نعيم بن حماد , عن ابن المبارك , عن محمد بن راشد , نا سلمة بن أبي سلمة , عن أبيه , أنه ذكر عنده أن الطلاق الثلاث بمرة مكروه , فقال:  طلق حفص بن عمرو بن المغيرة فاطمة بنت قيس بكلمة واحدة ثلاثا , فلم يبلغنا أن النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم عاب ذلك عليه

rough translations:

Abu Salma bin Abdur Rehman bin Aauf r.a student of Fatima bint qais narrates that her husband Mugheera divorced her, by saying 3 TALAQ in one sentence بكلمة واحدة ثلاثا then we do not know if prophet ever rejected his Talaq. then it says: no one objected

Narrators:

  1. Darqutni – thiqa ameer ul mominen fil hadith
  2. teacher of darqutni Qaasim bin Ismaail Abu Ubaid r.a thiqa check tarikh ul islam vol7
  3. Hafiz Muhammed bin Abdul Malik bin Zanjawai r.a d.258 narrator of 4 sunans Taqreeb : no.6097
  4. Nuaim bin Hammaad d228 is considered THIQA near Ghair Muqallids – check Maqalat Maqalaat : vol1 : page460 of Kharji dog Zubair Zai Blasphemer
  5. Imam Abdullah bin Mubarak – thiqa thiqa thiqa thiqa
  6. Muhammed bin Raashid al Khuzaayi r.a d160. narrator of 4 Sunans THIQ. (Tehreer Taqreeb ut Tehzeeb v3 :p240, no5875)
  7. Salma bin Abi Salma r.a THIQA Kitaab us Siqaat Lil Qaasim : v 5 : p64
  8. Abu Salma bin Abdur Rehman r.a central/big narrator of two sahihs THIQA MUKTHIR. (Taqreeb : no8142)

turns out the chain of narration is SAHIH.

But, we also have two Muta’abe/corroborating chains foe this Hadith as well!

Muta’abe no.1

Imam Darqutni r.a d385 narrates in his Sunan v5 : p23,no 3922:

ثنا أبو أحمد محمد بن إبراهيم الجرجاني , نا عمران بن موسى بن مجاشع السختياني , نا شيبان بن فروخ , نا محمد بن راشد , عن سلمة بن أبي سلمة بن عبد الرحمن , عن أبيه أن حفص بن المغيرة طلق امرأته فاطمة بنت قيس على عهد رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم ثلاث تطليقات في كلمة واحدة , فأبانها منه النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم

Same as above but this one also adds: “Then prophet separated her from her husband“.

Narrators:

  1. Imam Darqutni – thiqa
  2. his shaikh Jurjaani – SUDOOQ Ad-DALEEL ul Mughni : p333
  3. Muhaddith Umaraan bin Musa bin Mujash’i strong, Musannif Taarekh ul Islaam : v7 : p91
  4. Shaibaan bin Farookh narrator of Sahih Muslim & Sudooq Hasan ul Hadith Tehreer Taqreeb ut Tehzeeb : v2 : p123, no2834
  5. Muhammed bin Raashid al Khuzaayi above
  6. Salma bin Abi Salma above
  7. Abu Salma bin Abdur Rehman r.a trustworthiness mentioned above

It’s HASSAN.

Muta’abe 2:

Imam Darqutni narrates the third chain as:

نا أبو بكر النيسابوري , نا محمد بن بشر بن مطر , نا شيبان , نا محمد بن راشد عن سلمة بن أبي سلمة بن عبد الرحمن , عن أبيه  مثله في القضيتين جميعا

Sunan Darqutni : v5 : p 24, Hadith no 3923

Narrators:

  1. Imam Darqutni – thiqa
  2. Imam Abubakr Ash-Shafa’ii THIQA, Hafiz ul Hadith Kitaab us Siqaat Lil Qaasim : v 8 : p362-363
  3. Muhammed bin Bishr bin Matar THIQA Kitaab us Siqaat Lil Qaasim : v8 : Sp204
  4. rest of the narrators’ Tawthheq is mentioned above

3 divorces will be counted as THREE and NOT ONE like Ghair muqallids say. Above written material is the reason one of greatest Muhadditheen, Ibn Majah made a chapter in his Sunan as:

باب من طلق ثلاثا في مجلس واحد

proves that even ibn majah considered three as three, also check Ikhtelaaf ul Hadees Lis Shafai : p 549, Ma’arifatus Sunan wal Aasaar : v11 p37,41

Imam Ahmad r.a narrated this narration against the narration of Ibn abbas in sahih muslim.

Masaail e Ahmed Ba-riwayat e Ishaaq : v4 v1770-1772

 

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